MOMBASA, Kenya (AP) – From drought to cyclones and sea level rise, the cost of climate change damage in Africa will only increase as the world warms, raising concerns from activists and officials about how pay them.
Africa’s islands and coastal states – and the 116 million people who inhabit them – will be heavily exposed to rising sea and will spend about $ 50 billion in damage by 2050, a report released Thursday by the World Meteorological Organization said. of the United Nations.
He added that the drought of the past 50 years in the Horn and southern Africa, exacerbated by climate change, has caused the deaths of more than half a million people, with losses estimated at $ 70 billion. Over 1,000 floods in the same time period claimed over 20,000 lives, she said.
The report’s findings have sparked new claims for the continent from many who believe that rich nations emitting far more gases that warm the planet into the atmosphere should foot the bill for climate catastrophes, known as “loss and damage.” in climate negotiations.
“As a continent we believe that the issue of loss and damage needs to be addressed,” said Harsen Nyambe, director of sustainable environment at the African Union. “It’s a controversial issue and developed countries fear because it has serious financial implications.”
Failure to create a “loss and damage fund” means that African countries “are without recourse or compensation from the rich nations most responsible for climate change,” said a report by the philanthropic foundation Mo Ibrahim published at the beginning of this book. ‘year.
Negotiations on loss and damage were a sticking point at last year’s UN climate conference and are expected to feature again this year at the November climate summit, known as COP27, to be held in the Egyptian seaside resort of Sharm. el Sheikh.
Africa is expected to join other developing nations from Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific at COP27 who joined as part of the Climate Vulnerabilities Forum to address the issue of losses and damages and ask for compensation.
The bloc, currently chaired by Ghana, was formed in 2009 and brings together 48 of the world’s most climate sensitive developing countries that have a combined population of 1.2 billion but a collective share of global emissions of just 5%. .
“Our continent is suffering loss of life and livelihoods and damage to our lands and communities,” Kenyan climate activist Elizabeth Wathuti told The Associated Press.
In addition to drought and floods, the continent has also suffered from extreme heat, cyclones and sandstorms, land degradation due to changing weather conditions and loss of biodiversity.
“Vulnerable countries lack the financial capacity to adapt to these increasingly intense climate impacts, which makes climate finance a matter of global justice,” added Wathuti.
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